Arthritis is the leading cause of hip pain. It is a progressive disease that wears away the smooth cartilage lining of the hip’s ball-and-socket joint. As the cartilage gets damaged and wears the pain from the rubbing of the two sides of the hip joint increases. This pain eventually increases until surgical intervention is necessary.
Total hip replacement and hip resurfacing are potential treatments for hip pain from arthritis.
Hip resurfacing is an alternative to hip replacement, particularly advocated for the young and active patient. In conventional hip replacement the neck of the femur is cut and the femoral head is completely removed. In hip resurfacing the head an neck of the femur are retained, the arthritic surface is removed and a new metal ball is applied. The cup is replaced as for a conventional hip replacement.
The main advantage of resurfacing is that it preserves more bone than conventional hip replacement. It reproduces the natural size and shape of the hip more accurately and allows the patient to maintain an active lifestyle, without physical limitations. If and when the implant loosens, revision surgery is technically easier and the bone stock is better.
Patients tend to recover more easily from surgery and do not have to take the precautions against dislocation that are typically required after hip replacement. The Birmingham hip resurfacing prosthesis is the leading implant of the modern resurfacing era. For thousands of younger, more active patients with hip pain, the BHR Hip has restored them to their active lives while allowing them to keep more of their original bone.